The European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies have published a policy brief proposing an analytic framework for understanding and interpreting many of the most common health care efficiency indicators. The aim is to support health system efficiency improvements.
The Lancet has published a comment article from authors at the World Health Organization (WHO) calling for the term ‘commercial determinants of health’ to be recognised as a description of the strategies and approaches used by the private sector to promote products and choices that are detrimental to health.
A new review from the Cochrane Public Health Group suggests that nutritional labelling on menus in restaurants and cafes may reduce calorie intake. The authors acknowledge that the findings are based on a small body of low-quality evidence but tentatively suggest that nutritional labelling on menus in restaurants could be used as part of a wider set of measures to tackle obesity.
The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) have published an issue on the theme of obesity. There are articles on surgery options for obesity and also on taxation, health warnings, dieting and precision approaches. There may be a login required for off-campus access.
Public Health Panorama, WHO Europe’s public health journal, has dedicated the latest issue to obesity and unhealthy diets. The issue is sub-titled ‘Turning the tide on obesity and unhealthy diets‘ and covers the current challenges governments face in making improvements in public health, the rapid increase in overweight and obesity among young people and the need to transform health services to tackle the problem. The publication also looks at solutions that have been attempted across the region with features on sugary drinks taxation, labelling, marketing restrictions, school food policies and public procurement.
A joint report from the WHO and the World Bank looks at how many people globally lack access to essential services and how many are pushed into poverty or spending too much of their household budgets on health care expenses. The report, entitled ‘Tackling universal health coverage: 2017 global monitoring report’, highlights that more than half the world’s population do not receive all the essential services they need and that about 100 million people are pushed into extreme poverty due to their health expenditures.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) have produced a report investigating the use of sugar in foods. The publication ‘Incentives and disincentives for reducing sugar in manufactured foods: an exploratory supply chain analysis’ concludes that a comprehensive approach encompassing the entire food system is necessary in order to reduce sugar intake.